Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.
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The crevalle jack is classified within the genus Caranxone of a number of groups known as the jacks or trevallies.
Both adults and juveniles are usually found in schools. Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes: Scutes on lateral caraxn 23 Ref. Dactilopteroideipp. It was described and named in by the famed Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeusbased on the holotype specimen taken off the coast of the Carolinas, United States.
This serves to blend in with the water from a predator searching from above, and to blend with the sunlight from a predator hunting from below. Spawning occurs offshore in the southeastern Atlantic coast and in the Gulf Stream, including any associated currents.
Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: However, larger individuals may be found swimming the waters alone. Caranx hippos Linnaeus This parasite affects all carangids. Larval and juvenile jack crevalles are found in upstream currents and are common in shallow brackish waters. Copepods are also common parasites to the crevalle jack including Anuretes heckelii found on the wall of branchial cavities, Caligus chorinemi and Caligus coryphaenae are both parasitic on the body surface as well as in the branchial cavities, and Lernaeenicus longiventris which is parasitic in the flesh of the fish.
Portugal to Angola, including the western Mediterranean. The crevalle jack is a pelagic fish. Otolith and vertebrae studies have proved useful in determining the age and thus growth patterns of the species, with other methods including scale hipos fin ray sectioning having lesser value.
Size, Age, and Growth The maximum size of a crevalle jack is Scomber Hippos Linnaeus,Syst. Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. The crevalle jack Caranx hipposalso known as the common jackblack-tailed trevallycouvalli jackblack cavallijack crevale or yellow cavalliis a common species of hpipos marine hipos classified within the jack family, Carangidae.
It is distinguishable from similar species by its deep body, fin colouration and a host of more detailed anatomical features, including fin ray and lateral line scale counts. These hpipos are larger than craanx premaxillary teeth. The fish caranxx their upper and lower teeth together, this combined with air bladder resonance, are the factors contributing to the sound.
Evidence from laboratory studies indicates crevalle jack are able to coordinate their feeding and spawning aggregations over coral reefs based on the release of dimethylsulfoniopropionate DMSP from the reef.
Caranx hippos – Discover Fishes
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Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. The crevalle jack is a popular and highly regarded gamefish throughout its range, with the recreational catch of the species often exceeding commercial catches.
The crevalle jack is a powerful, predatory fish, with extensive studies showing the species consumes a variety of small fish, with invertebrates such as prawnsshrimpscrabsmolluscs and cephalopods also of minor importance. Food Habits The crevalle jack is a diurnal predator. Elsewhere, southward to southern Angola in the eastern Atlanticand Nova Scotia to Uruguay in the western Atlantic ; the eastern Pacific Caranx caninus very closely related. The cause of this calcified connective tissue is still unknown, and there remains only a single reported case of such an ailment in crevalle jack.
The anal fin lobe is bright yellow, with the remainder of the fin ranging from golden to dusky, while the underside of the caudal peduncle often being yellow in adults.
These individuals live on the outer shelf edges, sill reefs and upper slopes of the deep reef, and tend to be more solitary than juveniles. On Caranx hippos Linnaeus from Ecuador. Females are typically larger than males. Caranx hippos was first described by Linnaeus in as Scomber hippos.
Adults that move offshore generally do not leave continental shelf waters, however still penetrate to depths of m,  and possibly deeper. Although these names are no longer valid, these included Scomber carangus BlochCaranx carangus BlochCaranx carangua LacepedeCaranx erythrurus LacepedeCaranx antilliarum BennettCaranx defensor DeKayTrachurus cordyla GronowCaranx esculentus GirardCaranx hippos caninus Guntherand Caranx hippos tropicus Nichols Summary page Point data Common names Photos.
IV,Perciformi Mugiloidei, Percoideipp. Young fish dispersed hppos by currents in the eastern Atlantic are known to migrate back to more tropical waters before the onset of winter; however, if the fish fail to migrate, mass mortalities occur as the temperature falls below the species’ tolerance limits.
Shoulder girdle cleithrum margin smooth, without papillae.